Skip to main content

The hand is one the best anatomical tools we have as a human, it is used frequently for countless daily activities, in work, sport and leisure. The function of our fingers often seems insignificant but a finger fractures can severely impair our daily activities and quality of life. 

In Australia the most common work-related injury involved the hand or wrist, with 24% of finger injuries requiring hospitalisation. With improper treatment or complications, finger fractures can lead to poor hand function, chronic pain, stiffness and deformity. Finger fractures need to be treated quickly and efficiently with the help of a qualified Hand Therapists.

Where do finger fractures occur?

The human hand has 14 phalanges, which are bones extending from the metacarpal bones to the fingertips. Finger phalanges include the proximal, middle and distal phalanx.

A finger fracture can occur in any of these bones, at the distal, middle or proximal phalanx. Within the phalanx, fractures may be located in the neck, just below the head, along the shaft or at the base.                                         


Finger fractures, what you need to know | action rehab


What are the different types of finger fractures?

  • Tuft Fracture 

A distal phalanx fracture or Tuft fracture is the most commonly fractured bone of the hand accounting for 50% of all hand fractures. This fracture often occurs when a finger is crushed, for example in the door or hit with a hammer.

Mallet Avulsion Fracture 

A Mallet Finger avulsion fracture is frequently encountered in sport and is the result of forceful flexion or hyperextension of the DIP joint. This results in the inability to extend the finger tip without passively extending it.

Jersey Finger

Jersey finger is the avulsion of the FDP tendon at its insertion on the volar aspect of the distal phalanx base. This occurs by means of forceful extension of the finger during active flexion. 

Volar Plate  Avulsion Fracture

Volar Plate avulsion fracture occurs after hyperextension injury to the PIP joint and is often associated with a jarred or strain finger. When the volar plate is hyper extended, it may also pull off a small piece of bone.

Proximal Phalanx Injuries

Proximal Phalanx Fractures are classified by location, angulation, and displacement. Fractures of the proximal phalanx can be complex due to forces exerted on the fracture by muscles and tendons that can result in angulation or rotation.

Finger fractures, what you need to know | action rehab

Final thoughts on finger fractures

Though they may seem small and insignificant, our fingers play a big role in our lives. When we injure them, it can severely impair the activities we enjoy and make everyday tasks much more difficult. In Australia, finger fractures are one of the most common work-related injuries—24% of which require hospitalization. 

If not properly treated, finger fractures can cause chronic pain, stiffness, deformity, and reduced hand function. That’s why it’s important to get quick and efficient treatment from a qualified Hand Therapist. 

If you need urgent care for your finger fracture, Action Rehab can help. We provide comprehensive rehabilitation services that will reduce your pain and promote healing so you can get back to doing the things you love as soon as possible.



  • McDaniel DJ, Rehman UH. Phalanx Fractures of the Hand. [Updated 2020 Aug 11]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan-. Available from:
  • Lamaris, G. A., & Matthew, M. K. (2017). The Diagnosis and Management of Mallet Finger Injuries. Hand (New York, N.Y.), 12(3), 223–228.
  • [Internet]. Cologne, Germany: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG); 2006-. How do hands work? 2010 Aug 31 [Updated 2018 Jul 26]. Available from:
  • Arias DG, Varacallo M. Anatomy, Shoulder and Upper Limb, Hand Bones. [Updated 2020 Jul 31]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan-. Available from:
  • Pattni, A., Jones, M., & Gujral, S. (2016). Volar Plate Avulsion Injury. Eplasty16, ic22.
  • Bachoura, A., Ferikes, A. J., & Lubahn, J. D. (2017). A review of mallet finger and jersey finger injuries in the athlete. Current reviews in musculoskeletal medicine10(1), 1–9.


  • Hannah tarrant

    Hannah Tarrant graduated from Australian Catholic University in 2018 with a Bachelor of Occupational Therapy. Hannah first developed a passion for Hand Therapy during time at ACU studying occupational therapy. During that time, she completed a 7-week placement in outpatient hand therapy at the Austin Repatriation Hospital. Hannah continues to undertake professional development by attending Hand Therapy related courses through the Australian Hand Therapy Association.

  • Jordan long

    Jordan has worked in a variety of settings prior to commencing with Action Rehab, these included private and public hospitals, rehabilitation centres, sporting teams and private practice clinics. These experiences have exposed Jordan to a wide variety of people and conditions, allowing him to understand and tailor treatment to YOUR specific injury or condition.