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What is Pain?

In the realm of human experience, pain stands as a complex and multifaceted phenomenon. It can be defined as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage.” Pain serves as a crucial warning signal, alerting us to potential threats and the need for care and attention. Yet, its impact extends beyond mere physical discomfort, delving into emotional and psychological realms. Each individual’s perception of pain is unique, making it a deeply subjective experience.


Types of Pain

Acute pain

This type of pain lasts for a short time and occurs following surgery or trauma or other condition. Acute pain is the brains warning to the body. This acute pain is essentially the body’s alarm system, prompting immediate attention and action to address the underlying cause. As the body heals and the triggering condition resolves, acute pain typically subsides, allowing individuals to gradually return to a state of relief and comfort.


Sub-acute pain

This type of pain lasts longer than 3 months and is progressing towards chronic pain and is known as the transition phase. It marks a transition phase, where the pain duration extends beyond the initial acute period but has not yet reached the level of chronicity. During this phase, the pain may continue to evolve and intensify, potentially becoming more persistent and affecting daily activities. Sub-acute pain requires careful attention and proactive management to prevent its progression into chronic pain, which can have more profound and long-lasting impacts on an individual’s well-being.


Chronic pain

This type of pain lasts beyond the time expected for healing following surgery or trauma it is pain that keeps on going for longer than we expect it to. This is not an indication of the severity of the pain or injury. Unlike acute pain, which serves as a warning signal to the body, chronic pain lingers for a prolonged period, exceeding what would typically be expected for recovery. The duration of chronic pain does not necessarily correlate with the severity of the initial injury or pain intensity. It is a complex and often debilitating condition that can have a significant impact on an individual’s physical and emotional well-being.

People experiencing chronic pain may encounter a range of challenges, including reduced mobility, difficulty performing daily tasks, and emotional distress. It can significantly affect the overall quality of life and may require comprehensive and tailored treatment approaches to manage and improve the situation effectively.

Take control of comfort with pain reduction | action rehab hand therapy
Pain is from the Brain

All pain is created and produced by the brain no matter where the pain is or how the pain it is felt the pain. When you hurt yourself, the nerves in your body can only tell your brain that ‘something has happened.’ It is your brain (and not your toe) that interprets this and says to you ‘hey, this hurts!

The brain’s role in pain perception is incredibly complex and multifaceted. It involves intricate networks of neurons and neurotransmitters that work together to process the sensory information received from the nerves. The brain takes into account various factors, including past experiences, emotions, and context, to formulate the experience of pain.

Understanding that pain is a product of the brain’s intricate processing helps us comprehend the complexity of pain experiences and why different individuals may perceive and respond to pain differently. It also highlights the importance of a holistic approach to pain management, which considers not only the physical aspect of pain but also the psychological and emotional components.


The Biggest Pain Myths

When you have had a long-term injury with persistent pain, it often feels like pain is due to ongoing or recurrent damage to your body. Although pain that lasts longer that three months often has more to do with changes in the nervous system and their sensitivity to experience pain.

Pain is not an accurate indication of severity of injury it often has to do with the context of your pain. From example, why would a paper cut be so much more painful than a solider whom was shot but didn’t realise until he was informed.


Pain reduction | action rehab hand therapy

Tips to reducing pain

  1. Exercise

    Exercise is a powerful approach to reducing pain and improving well-being. Targeted exercises strengthen muscles, enhance joint function, and trigger the release of natural painkillers, promoting pain relief and overall health. Working with qualified professionals to design a tailored exercise program is crucial for safe and effective results, leading to significant pain reduction and an improved quality of life.

  2. Set goals

    Setting clear and achievable goals is an effective way to reduce pain and improve well-being. By identifying specific objectives and milestones, individuals can stay motivated and focused on their pain management journey, leading to a sense of accomplishment and better pain control.

  3. Change your perception of pain (with the assistance of your therapist)

    Changing one’s perception of pain can be a powerful tool for reducing its impact. By adopting a positive mindset and learning coping strategies, individuals can gain greater control over their pain experience and enhance their overall quality of life.

Final thoughts on pain reduction and management

It’s really important to understand that you CAN REDUCE YOUR PAIN but it takes effort and time. It will not happen by itself but your therapists can help to guide you in this process, but in the end, you have to take charge yourself.

Pain reduction involves a comprehensive approach that addresses both the physical and psychological aspects of pain. It may include targeted exercises, manual therapies, and other evidence-based interventions tailored to your specific needs. Additionally, techniques such as relaxation exercises, mindfulness, and stress management can play a crucial role in promoting pain relief and overall well-being.

Take control of comfort with pain reduction | action rehab hand therapy

At Action Rehab Hand Therapy, our experienced hand therapists are dedicated to empowering you on your pain management journey. We have clinics conveniently located across the area of Melbourne, providing accessible and professional care to support your recovery and enhance your quality of life. Take the first step towards pain reduction and improved hand health by scheduling a consultation at our nearest clinic. Together, we can work towards alleviating your pain, restoring function, and helping you regain control over your life. Remember, you have the power to reduce your pain, and we are here to support you every step of the way, contact Action Rehab Hand Therapy today.



  • Hannah tarrant

    Hannah Tarrant graduated from Australian Catholic University in 2018 with a Bachelor of Occupational Therapy. Hannah first developed a passion for Hand Therapy during time at ACU studying occupational therapy. During that time, she completed a 7-week placement in outpatient hand therapy at the Austin Repatriation Hospital. Hannah continues to undertake professional development by attending Hand Therapy related courses through the Australian Hand Therapy Association.